October 12, 1459 – The Lancastrians score a victory over the Yorkist at the Battle of Ludford Bridge.
October 12, 1537 - Jane Seymour gives birth to the future Edward VI, Henry VIII's only son. Jane died 13 days later from complications.
October 12, 1692 - A letter from Massachusetts Governor Williams Phips ends the Salem Witch Trials.
October 12, 1989 - The remains of Shakespeare's original Globe Theatre were found on London's Bankside.