This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, This other Eden, demi-paradise, This fortress built by Nature for herself Against infection and the hand of war, This happy breed of men, this little world, This precious stone set in the silver sea, Which serves it in the office of a wall Or as a moat defensive to a house, Against the envy of less happier lands,-- This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England. ~~William Shakespeare, Richard III

Tuesday, October 13, 2009

This Day in History...

October 13, 1399 - Henry Bolingbroke becomes Henry IV (the first King of the House of Lancaster) when he was crowned king of England. He had been exiled by his cousin Richard II and returned when his father, John of Gaunt, died and the King confiscated all his lands. Henry returned saying he did so just to get his father's lands back but ended up gaining enough power and support that he was crowned King. Richard was sent to Pontefract Castle and died there under "mysterious circumstances."

Henry's oldest son, Henry of Monmouth, would become the famous victor of Agincourt - Henry V.

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