August 19, 1186 - Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany, son of Henry II, died after a jousting accident in Paris. He is buried in Notre Dame.
August 19, 1274 - The coronation of Edward I at Westminister.
August 19, 1284 - Alfonso, Earl of Chester, third son of Edward I, died at Windsor. At the time of his death, he was the heir because his older brothers had already died.
August 19, 1561 - Mary, Queen of Scots, arrived in Scotland to assume the throne. She had spent 13 years in France.
August 19, 1631 - John Dryden, English poet and dramatist was born. He would become the first official Poet Laureate of Great Britain.
August 19, 1692 - Four men (one a clergyman) and one woman are executed after being convicted of witchcraft during the Salem Witch Trials.
August 19, 1685 - The 'Bloody Assizes' began with Judge Jeffreys regularly sentencing people to death.