This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, This other Eden, demi-paradise, This fortress built by Nature for herself Against infection and the hand of war, This happy breed of men, this little world, This precious stone set in the silver sea, Which serves it in the office of a wall Or as a moat defensive to a house, Against the envy of less happier lands,-- This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England. ~~William Shakespeare, Richard III

Thursday, August 27, 2009

This Day in History... active week for volcanoes...

August 27, 1883 - Krakatoa, a volcano on a small island between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra, erupted, blowing itself apart. This explosion is the most powerful volcanic eruption in history (recorded history anyway). It was heard 3000 MILES AWAY!!! Ash was hurled 50 miles into the air, huge tsunamis were created when the island collapsed into the ocean, and 36,000 people were killed (about 30,000 of those from the tsunamis). Some of the pyroclastic flows stretched 40 miles (across the water too) and killed thousands on the nearby islands.

Fine dust and ash that was hurled into the air during the explosion drifted around the earth, causing amazing sunsets and forming a veil in the upper atmosphere that lowered temperatures worldwide by several degrees.

Eruptions since then have caused a new volcano to form in almost the same spot. The locals call it "Anak Krakatau" or "child of Krakatoa.

No comments:

Post a Comment