July 10, 138 - Roman Emperor Hadrian, who ordered the building of a wall across northern England to keep out the 'barbarian Scottish tribes,' died.
July 10, 1040 - Hoping to force her husband the Earl of Mercia to lower taxes, Lady Godiva rode naked on horseback through the streets of Coventry.
July 10, 1460 - At the Battle of Northampton Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians and captured Henry VI.
July 10, 1553 – Lady Jane Grey is officially proclaimed Queen of England, beginning her reign as the "The Nine Days' Queen."
July 10, 1940 - The Battle of Britain, a series of German bombing raids, began. It would last three and a half months.